Fossil sea pens at Oranjezon
The northeastern sea current along the Walcheren coast brought sand with it. As a result, an elongated beach developed on the north side of Walcheren that was attached to land on the southwest side and extended into the sea on the northeast side, a so-called beach hook. Dune formation began on this beach hook, which extended inland. That inlet thus gradually became closed off from the open sea. A wet, primary dune valley formed. The process of forming a beach hook and closing off the area behind it repeated itself several times, causing the coast to expand seaward. This created a landscape around the Oranjezon area with alternating rows of dunes and primary dune valleys.